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What Is Bookkeeping?

Updated: Jul 4

Monday 1st July 2024

What is Bookkeeping?

Bookkeeping is the practice of organizing, classifying, and maintaining a business's financial records. It involves recording transactions, and storing financial documentation, to manage the overall financial health of an organisation. 

Most businesses use an electronic method for their bookkeeping, whether it is a simple spreadsheet, or more advanced, specialised software.

Why is bookkeeping important?

When an effective bookkeeping system is used, businesses have the knowledge and information that allows them to make the best financial decisions. 

Tasks, such as establishing a budget, planning for the next year, and preparing for tax time, are easier when financial records are accurate.

Components of Bookkeeping

Bookkeeping provides the records necessary to understand a business's finances. Proper planning and scheduling are key since staying on top of records will provide a clear overview of an organization's financial health.

For every type of business, bookkeeping contains several components and steps including:

-Documenting every financial transaction

-Recording all debits and credits

-Sending invoices and processing payments

-Preparing financial statements

-Maintaining and balancing a general ledger

-Conducting daily banking activities

-Completing payroll functions

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